Stepping Out Of An Industrial Internet Road That Meets China's National Conditions And Market Demand
Stepping out of an industrial Internet road that meets China's national conditions and market demand
28/10.2019 China Road Machinery Network
Ten years ago, as the sales agent of Komatsu excavator in Japan, Tianyuan Technology Co., Ltd. increased the warranty time of the excavator engine from 3,000 hours to 10,000 hours, the highest standard in the industry at that time. Unexpectedly, Tianyuan Technology sold more than 1,000 excavators. “Every excavator has increased its price by 20,000. It is still very popular.” In the interview, Han Xiaoming, the chairman of Tianyuan Technology, told the reporter of “Weiwang” News Weekly that the secret lies in two words – data.
At that time, Tianyuan Technology installed a set of remote monitoring and running equipment on each excavator, and found that the data returned by the monitoring equipment was the real “gold mine”: Komatsu excavator worked for 10,000 hours. At the time, the engine downtime is less than 5%, and regular maintenance can even be increased to 3%. Therefore, Tianyuan Technology boldly proposed a sales plan to extend the warranty of the excavator engine to 10,000 hours, and it was a great success.
Nowadays, through the monitoring and analysis of the “big data map” of construction machinery, Tianyuan Technology has transformed from an ordinary sales agent to a high-tech enterprise providing data services. Behind its gorgeous turn is the tremendous energy that the Industrial Internet has evoked.
As one of the most popular vocabulary in the industrial field in recent years, the Industrial Internet is a new industrial ecology, key infrastructure and new application mode in which the new generation of information communication technology and the industrial economy are deeply integrated. The core is through the comprehensive interconnection of people, machines and objects. Realize the comprehensive connection of the whole factor, the whole industry chain and the full value chain, and then promote the formation of a new industrial manufacturing and service system.
"Not only can promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, optimize the allocation of various resources, and enhance the economic benefits of the industry; and it can accelerate the cultivation of emerging industries, and promote many new formats such as intelligent production, network coordination, service extension, and personalized customization. Yuan Xiaoqing, chief researcher of Industrial Internet of CCID Research Institute, said that the industrial Internet can largely solve many difficulties and bottlenecks facing the current industrial development. It is regarded as a key foundation to support the new round of industrial transformation in the world and has become the global future. A new high ground for manufacturing competition.
As the world's largest manufacturing country, China has long been plagued by industrial “big but not strong” and “all but not excellent”. The Industrial Internet has undoubtedly provided a rare opportunity for China to achieve industrial upgrading. In particular, the blessing of the dual status of manufacturing big countries and network powers has enabled China to develop industrial Internet with a good industrial base and huge market demand.
On October 18, the 2019 Industrial Internet Global Summit was held in Shenyang, Liaoning. At present, the global new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial revolution accelerates development, and industrial Internet technology continues to break through, injecting new kinetic energy into the economic innovation and development of various countries, and also providing new opportunities for promoting the integration and development of global industries. China attaches great importance to the innovation and development of industrial Internet, and is working with the international community to continuously enhance the innovation capability of industrial Internet and promote the integration and development of industrialization and informatization on a wider, deeper and higher level.
Make industry more "smart"
“GE was a manufacturing company yesterday and woke up to be a software and data company.” This is a famous saying made by GE's former head, Jeff Immel, in 2012.
As a world industrial giant, GE has undergone a major transformation because they have noticed a phenomenon: any machine and equipment has a certain physical limit, no matter how the performance potential of the excavator equipment, there will always be a "ceiling". However, if a variety of machines and equipment are integrated into an efficient and smooth information network, the information exchange capability between machines can not only greatly optimize operational efficiency, but also accomplish tasks that many single machines cannot perform.
In this regard, some people have made an image metaphor: this is like a nerve cell in the human brain. Each cell body can do very limited things, but a huge number of cell bodies and nerve fibers build a complex and efficient The neuron system, with complex interactivity between the cell bodies, can give the brain a powerful intelligence.
This is the reason why GE first proposed the concept of “Industrial Internet” in 2012.
For the essence of this new noun, Jeff Immel's explanation is simple: "It is to capture data from the machine and feed back valuable ideas to the customer."
What is “valuable thinking”? Han Xiaoming believes that the most direct point is to improve efficiency. He said in his own practice that the early practice of engineering machinery manufacturers in the product design stage was to visit customers, conduct questionnaire surveys and return visits, which required long periods and costs, and the information may not be accurate. “Now, through the analysis of data in the Industrial Internet, it is possible to quickly and accurately find out which parts are prone to problems, what habitual operations the customer has, and what features are flashy, thereby supporting product function improvement and innovation.”
“Industrial Internet is the digital system of manufacturing digitalization, which can make the industry become more intelligent.” According to Jin Jian, director of the Institute of Industrial Internet and Internet of Things, China Institute of Information and Communications Research, most of the traditional manufacturing industries are mass production. Equipment and control systems, like human bones and muscles, are strong and powerful, but not necessarily smart.
He said that from the perspective of enterprises, the industrial Internet is like the intelligent assistant of modern industry. The data analysis provided by the industrial Internet platform can more accurately and efficiently understand the knowledge of industrial R&D, manufacturing, management and other fields. This opens up a new industrial revolution and brings exponential growth in economic efficiency.
GE has made an account in a report titled "Industrial Internet: Breaking the Limits of Wisdom and Machines": Using the Industrial Internet, it is only in the five areas of railway, aviation, medical, electric power, oil and gas. With an increase in efficiency, you can achieve hundreds of billions of dollars in growth.
For the global manufacturing industry, which is striving to find a new direction after the financial crisis, this is a “stimulant”. With the wave of digital economy sweeping across the globe, the development of information and communication technologies represented by the Internet has dramatically changed the world's production and lifestyle. The convergence of big data, cloud computing and traditional manufacturing has also brought the development prospects of the industrial Internet. bright.
Therefore, despite being a new thing, the Industrial Internet quickly became a key area for countries to reshape their manufacturing competitive advantage. The major industrial countries such as the United States, Germany, and Japan have continued to deepen the development of the industrial Internet from the perspectives of policy support, funding, and corporate practice. In just a few years, more than 150 companies in the world have launched industrial Internet platforms.
"Industrial Internet is connected with manufacturing and connected to the Internet. It not only promotes the development of productivity through technological innovation, but also enriches and reshapes the production relationship through model innovation. It naturally becomes a common choice for countries to devote themselves to investment and not to lose." The golden key indicates.
China seizes the opportunity to seize the opportunity
Although Tianyuan’s name is not known, Han Xiaoming is proud that he has never used “low threes” when he cooperated with many Fortune 500 foreign giants.
"Not only does it sit flat, but it respects us very much." Han Xiaoming explained that this is because Tianyuan Technology has been practicing in the field of industrial Internet for many years and has many "unique secrets", but also because of its unique advantage of relying on China's big market.
Han Xiaoming told this reporter that as early as 2007, China has stipulated that every excavator sold in the market needs to install a GPS data box, which can run the machine, main pump pressure, engine water temperature, oil pressure, fuel consumption. The parameters such as hydraulic oil temperature are uploaded to the monitoring center in real time. Until today, similar devices are still available in Japan, the United States and other countries.
Considering the fact that there are currently less than 4 million excavators in the world and China has about 1.4 million units, it is obvious that China has absolute say in terms of excavator operational data.
“At present, we are responsible for more than 270,000 excavators, which means that about one-quarter of all excavators installed in China have GPS data boxes in our hands.” Han Xiaoming bluntly, this is Tianyuan dares to be confident when it cooperates with foreign giants.
This also reflects the foundation and advantages of China's development of the industrial Internet from one aspect.
China is both a big manufacturing country and a big network country. It has the world's most complete, most complete and largest manufacturing industry and an innovative and active Internet industry. It has a broader foundation for industrial Internet integration and integration innovation.
On the one hand, China has a large number of industrial enterprises, and the demand for digital, networked, and intelligent transformation and development is urgent, which means that even in the segmentation field, the industrial Internet is easy to break through the constraints of the initial scale (or minimum economic scale). In this way, it will provide the necessary market soil for the rapid development and growth of the new model and new business, and realize the benign development under the traction of market demand.
On the other hand, the domestic market has a wide space and rich application scenarios, which can provide a test and verification environment for various exploration and practice of industrial Internet, and have more favorable conditions for nurturing and nurturing new modes and new formats.
Thanks to these favorable conditions, in recent years, China's industrial Internet has been accelerating, and has been widely used in petroleum and petrochemical, steel metallurgy, home appliance, machinery, energy and other industries, networked collaboration, service-oriented manufacturing, personalized customization. New models and new formats are booming.
At present, the total number of industrial Internet platforms with certain industry and regional influence in China exceeds 50, and the number of connected devices on the key platforms has reached 600,000. The number of members of the Industrial Internet Industry Alliance exceeded 1,000.
At the 2019 Industrial Internet Summit held earlier this year, Chen Xiongxiong, deputy minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, revealed that according to relevant estimates, China’s industrial Internet industry will reach 480 billion yuan in 2019, bringing nearly 2 trillion yuan of growth to the national economy. .
In the interview, Xiao Rongmei, a senior engineer at the Institute of Policy and Economics of the China Institute of Information and Communications, said that the global industrial Internet as a whole is still in the initial stage of development. Although developed countries in Europe and the United States started earlier in concept advocacy and industrial exploration, they have not made significant progress and subversive innovations in technology, standards, applications, etc., and the world's technology and industrial structure have not yet formed, and the market is still cultivating. The period of strategic opportunities will continue for a long time, which provides a valuable opportunity for China to participate in global standards and rulemaking, accelerate technology and industry catch-up and even lead the development direction.
On June 6, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology officially issued 5G commercial licenses to China Telecom, China Mobile, China Unicom and China Radio and Television. In the eyes of the industry, this has created more favorable conditions for the development of China's industrial Internet.
"5G's high-speed, low-latency, massive connection and other advantages can better meet the network needs of the industrial Internet, significantly enhance the supply capacity of the industrial Internet industry, and provide a solid technical guarantee for the development of the industrial Internet." China Industrial Internet Research Institute Dean Xu Xiaolan said.
Stable to achieve long-term
To many people's surprise, as the global industrial Internet development is booming, GE, as an advocate, sold its digital asset business in 2018, including Predix, the world's first industrial Internet platform. Although this does not mean that GE wants to completely withdraw from the industrial Internet arena, it is an indisputable fact that its related business development has suffered major setbacks.
“This fully illustrates the challenges of developing the industrial Internet.” In the interview, Xiao Rongmei warned that the Industrial Internet is a frontier, comprehensive and highly complex system engineering, facing multi-industry, multi-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary integration innovation. The comprehensive ability of enterprises and industries is extremely demanding. It requires government guidance, deep industry cultivation, and capital watering. Its construction and development will not be a one-off effort, but a long-term battle and a tough battle.
In the field of consumer Internet, China's achievements are obvious to all, but in the view of the Chinese Academy of Engineering academician He Hezhen, the difference between the two is very large. "Industrial Internet-oriented enterprises are all personalized, standardization is difficult, consumer Internet is common, and easy to standardize; Industrial Internet involves a variety of equipment, long business chain, complex models, simple consumer Internet terminals, easy to popularize and upgrade; in addition, the industrial Internet is more demanding on response speed, reliability, security, and capital."
In fact, despite the initial progress and obvious results of China's industrial Internet, it also has great opportunities to further accelerate the pace of innovation and development. However, compared with the overall level of developed countries, it still faces weak industrial base, weak leadership ability, and ability to integrate innovation. Difficult challenges such as low security and insufficient security risk protection capabilities.
During the interview, the reporter can deeply feel the consensus of the industry that the healthy development of the industrial Internet not only requires the leading enterprises to lead, but also needs the cooperation of the government, enterprises, alliances, research institutes, etc., and the integration of science and technology, industry, finance and other fields. .
"Industrial Internet is like a newborn baby. Now it has entered a rapid growth period, and we need to give us enough patience and care." Jin Jian said that especially for the government, it needs to do top-level design and make full use of China's advantages. The industrial Internet develops in a safe, orderly and dynamic manner.
In recent years, the State Council and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology have issued a series of related documents: "Guiding Opinions on Deepening the "Internet + Advanced Manufacturing Industry" to Develop Industrial Internet", "Industrial Internet Development Action Plan (2018-2020)", "Industrial Internet Platform Construction and Promotion" Guideline... In his view, the introduction of this series of guiding documents will become an important guide for the healthy development of China's industrial Internet.
“For enterprises, the most important thing is to find an appropriate development path and model.” Han Xiaoming said that in recent years, China’s industrial Internet has had the potential to “suddenly come from a spring breeze, and thousands of trees and pears bloom”. Industrial Internet platforms and industrial apps have sprung up, making people dazzled, and there are many elements of follow-up and hype.
"Only by finding a path that suits China's national conditions and meets market demands, China's industrial Internet can be stable and far-reaching," he said.